The next piece of functionality that you’ll implement is the voting feature! Authenticated users are allowed to submit a vote for a link. The most upvoted links will later be displayed on a separate route!
Once more, the first step to implement this new feature is to prepare your Angular components for the new functionality.
You’re already preparing the
LinkItemComponent to render the number of votes for each link and the name of the user that posted it. Plus you’ll render the upvote button if a user is currently logged in - that’s what you’re using the
isAuthenticated for. If the
Link is not associated with a
User, the user’s name will be rendered as
Notice that you’re also using a function called
timeDifferenceForDate that gets passed the
createdAt information for each link. The function will take the timestamp and convert it to a string that’s more user-friendly, e.g.
"3 hours ago".
Go ahead and implement the
timeDifferenceForDate function next so you can import and use it in the
Link element will also render its position inside the list, so you have to pass down an
index from the
LinkListComponent and also know if the user is authenticated through the
isAuthenticated property passed down.
Notice that the app won’t run at the moment since the
votes are not yet included in the query. You’ll fix that next!
For this new feature, you also need to update the schema again since votes on links will be represented with a custom
Vote will be associated with the
User who created it as well as the
Link that it belongs to. You also have to add the other end of the relation.
Awesome! Now that you updated the schema and the typescript types, you can fix the issue that currently prevents you from adequately running the app. It can be resolved by including the information about the links’ votes in the
allLinks query that’s defined in
All you do here is add information about the user who posted a link as well as information about the links’ votes in the query’s payload. You can now rerun the app, and the links will be displayed appropriately.
Let’s now move on and implement the upvote mutation!
This step should feel pretty familiar by now. You’re adding the ability to call the
createVoteMutation to the
src/app/graphql.ts file and naming it
Notice that in the first part of the method, you’re checking whether the current user already voted for that link. If that’s the case, you return early from the method and do not execute the mutation.
You can now go ahead and test the implementation! Click the upvote button on a link. You’re not getting any UI feedback yet, but after refreshing the page, you’ll see the added votes.
There is still a flaw in the app. Since the
votes on a
Link don’t get updated right away, a
User currently can submit an indefinite number of votes until the page is refreshed. Only then will the protection mechanism be applied and instead of a upvote, the click on the voting button will simply result in the following logging statement in the console: User (cj42qfzwnugfo01955uasit8l) already voted for this link.
But at least you know that the mutation is working. In the next section, you’ll fix the issue and make sure that the cache gets updated directly after each mutation!
One cool thing about Apollo is that you can manually control the contents of the cache. This is handy, especially after a mutation was performed since this allows you to determine precisely how you want the cache to be updated. Here, you’ll use it to make sure the UI displays the correct number of votes right after the
createVote mutation is performed.
You can implement this functionality by using Apollo’s imperative store API.
update function that you’re adding as an argument to the mutation will be called when the server returns the response. It receives the payload of the mutation (
data) and the current cache (
store) as arguments. You can then use this input to determine a new state for the cache.
Notice that you’re already destructuring the server response and retrieving the
createVote field from it.
All right, so now you know what this
update function is,
but the actual implementation of the
updateStoreAfterVote will be done in the parent component of
LinkItemComponent, which is
What’s going on here?
votesthat were just returned by the server.
That’s it! The
update method will now be executed and ensure that the store gets appropriately updated after a mutation is performed. The store update will trigger a re-render of the component and thus update the UI with the correct information!
Note that we already implemented this same “optimistic UI updating” within the
CreateLink component in an earlier chapter. The app is rounding into shape! 🤓